Bird flu outbreak
The outbreak of bird flu in India is slowly increasing. Bird flu is caused by avian influenza virus (H5N1). It is a viral infection that spreads to other birds, animals and humans coming into contact with infected birds. In view of its increasing cases, a campaign to kill birds has been started in many states.
Avian influenza virus
There are many types of bird flu, but H5N1 is the first avian influenza virus that infects humans. Bird flu is spread naturally by migratory aquatic birds especially wild ducks. It spreads easily to domesticated chickens. This disease occurs due to contact with the feces of the infected bird, secretions of the nose, saliva of the mouth or water coming out of the eyes.
Animals and humans coming in contact with infected birds are easily infected by this virus. This virus is so dangerous that it can even cause death. People associated with poultry are the most prone to spread. Apart from this, people visiting infected places, coming in contact with infected birds, eating raw or undercooked-egg or caring for infected patients can also get bird flu.
These are the symptoms-
These are symptoms – cough, diarrhea, fever, respiratory problems, headache, muscle aches, abdominal pain, vomiting, pneumonia, sore throat, runny nose, restlessness, eye infection may occur due to bird flu. If you think you may have bird flu then see a doctor before coming in contact with someone else.
How to rescue
How to protect- It is important to take some precautions to avoid bird flu. Wash your hands for 15 seconds. Wash hands frequently with soap. Always keep sanitizers together. Sanitize in case you do not wash hands.
Wear PPE kit
Avoid visiting infected poultry farms and coming in contact with people working there. People working or visiting poultry farms should wear PPE kits. Wear disposable gloves and destroy them after use.
Wear full sleeves
Wear full sleeved clothes and keep disinfecting your shoes. Cover the mouth well before sneezing or coughing. Wear masks to avoid respiratory infections.
Get a flu vaccine
Put the tissue paper in dustbin after use. If you are sick, avoid going to crowded places. There is no bird flu vaccine, so a vaccine for the flu can also be introduced.