So far, over one thousand eight thousand people have died due to Corona virus across the world. The cases of its infection have crossed 17 lakh 73 thousand worldwide.
Patients infected with the virus include British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who has been shifted to the ICU after having signs of infection and worsening condition of his health.
Here is how the corona virus infection spreads and what you can do to prevent its transmission:
Corona virus infects your lungs. Its two basic symptoms are fever and dry cough. Many a time, the infected person also has difficulty in breathing.
The cough caused by corona is not a common cough. This can cause a persistent cough, that is, you may have a persistent cough for an hour or more and you may have at least three such seizures within 24 hours. If sputum is also coming along with cough, it can be a matter of concern.
Due to this virus, the temperature of the body can rise up to 37.8 ° C, due to which the person’s body can become hot. The person may also feel cold with shivering in the body.
It may also cause a sore throat, headache and diarrhea. According to a recent research, the lack of taste and the feeling of smell of something can also be a symptom of the corona virus.
It is believed that it may take an average of five days for the Corona virus to start showing symptoms, but in some people it may be shorter.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there may be up to 14 days between the time the virus reaches the body and signs of symptoms.
When does the need to be hospitalized arise?
Most of the people who have Corona virus infection can be cured by taking rest and medicines like paracetamol.
The need to be hospitalized arises when the person starts having trouble in breathing. The doctor examines the patient’s lungs to find out how much the infection has progressed and whether the patient needs oxygen or ventilator.
But in this condition, the patient does not have to be admitted to the emergency department of the hospital.
Every information related to corona infection has been given on the website of the Department of Health and Family Welfare in India.
The British citizens can take all information related to Corona on the website of NHS 111.
If the patient is having difficulty in breathing, then he can contact the Government of India helpline number + 91-11-23978046 or the 24 hour toll free number 1075. Various states of the country have also started helplines for citizens where a call can be made if needed.
In case of emergency in the UK, people can contact on 999.
What happens in Intensive Care Unit (ICU)?
Intensive care units are special wards of hospitals where critically ill patients are kept.
Here, the need of oxygen of patients of Corona virus is fulfilled by applying oxygen mask on the mouth or through a tube in the nose.
People who are seriously ill are kept on ventilator. Here more supply of oxygen is delivered directly to the lungs. For this, a tube is placed in the patient’s mouth or by making an incision in the nose or throat. Oxygen is given from there to the lungs.
How Deadly is the Corona Virus?
Compared to the statistics of corona virus infection, the number of people killed is extremely low. Although these figures cannot be relied completely, however, if the data are to be believed, the death rate due to infection can be only one to two percent.
Currently, treatment is being done for thousands of infected people in many countries and the death toll may increase.
A World Health Organization study based on information collected from about 56,000 infected people shows that –
- 6% people became seriously ill due to this virus. These included lung failure, septic shock, organ failure and risk of death.
- Severe signs of infection were seen in 14 percent of the people. People reported problems in breathing.
- In 80% people, minor signs of infection were seen, such as fever and cough. Pneumonia due to this was also seen in many.
Older people, those already suffering from respiratory disease (asthma), those facing problems like diabetes and heart disease are more likely to become seriously ill due to corona virus infection.
Treatment of corona virus is based on helping the patient’s to breathe and increasing the body’s immunity so that the person’s body is able to fight the virus on his/her own.
The work of making corona virus vaccine is still going on.
If you come in contact with an infected person, then you can be advised to stay away from others for a few days.
Public Health England has said that those who think they are infected should avoid going to a doctor, pharmacy or hospital and seek information on the phone or online from the health workers in their area.
Those who have returned to the UK after traveling to other countries have been advised to separate themselves from others for a few days.
Other countries have also taken steps like closing schools, colleges and canceling public meetings in their own countries to avoid this virus.
The World Health Organization has also released information about the ways to take precaution for the people.
Upon having signs of infection, the person should contact their local healthcare officer or employee. Those who have come in contact with the corona virus infected person in the past, will be investigated.
All the patients arriving at the hospital who have symptoms of flu (cold cold and shortness of breath) are examined by the Health Service Officer.
You will be asked to wait until the test results are out and keep yourself away from others.
How to protect yourself from corona virus?
To avoid corona virus i.e., ‘Covid 19’, you wash your hands regularly with soap and water.
When someone is infected with the corona virus coughs or sneezes, their sputum gets spread in the air. These particles may contain viruses of the corona virus.
These viral particles can enter your body by way of breath when in contact with an infected person.
If you touch a place where these particles have fallen and then touch your eye, nose or mouth with the same hand, then these particles will reach your body.
In this case, using tissue while coughing and sneezing, not touching your face without washing your hands and avoiding contact with the infected person, are very important to prevent the virus from spreading.
According to medical experts, face masks do not provide effective protection.
How Fast is the Corona Virus Spreading?
Everyday hundreds of cases of corona virus are being reported worldwide. According to the latest data from John Hopkins University, more than 1,596,496 cases of corona virus infection have been confirmed in 184 countries of the world so far.
Most cases of infection with this virus have been reported in China, US, Italy, Iran and Korea.