Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS/PCOD)

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It is normal for women to have hormonal changes. In such a situation, many risks related to hormonal changes can also arise. One of them is also polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). It is also known as Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOD). According to a medical research, 6–10 percent of the female population of women suffer from this problem. If a woman has this problem, they should talk to the doctor about it without hesitation. This article will give you all kinds of information related to PCOS. We will explain what may be the cause of PCOD and how the symptoms of PCOS may appear. In addition, we will elaborate on home remedies for PCOS.

What is PCOS?

This condition arises when hormones become imbalanced and problems of metabolism. Unbalance of hormones affects the menstrual cycle. Normally in the menstrual cycle every month, the ovaries form in the ovary (ovary) and pass out, but do not develop on PCOS. Cannot get out as well.

In addition, PCOS problem can also occur when the development of male hormone (androgen) in the body of women. Many problems arise as a result of this hormone increase in women, including menstrual irregularity, infertility and skin problems such as acne and hair growth. Next, we will tell you which reasons can promote PCOS in the body of women.

Causes of PCOS

The main cause of PCOS is the change in the level of hormones, due to which the ovaries in ovary do not develop fully and it becomes difficult for them to get out of ovary. Although it is difficult to say scientifically precisely what causes PCOS, the general assumptions about it are as follows:

  • Genetic causes: PCOS problem may be genetic in some women. This problem can happen from one generation to another woman. Although there is a lack of scientific research in this regard, but whose mother is having this problem, they should be more careful.
  • Growth of male hormones: Sometimes women ovaries start to produce more amounts of male hormones (androgens). Due to the high production of male hormones, it is difficult for the egg to come out during the ovulation process. This condition is called hyperandrogenism in medical language.
  • Insulin imbalance: Insulin hormone found in the body can also cause PCOS. Actually, hormones work to convert the sugar and starch found in the diet into energy. At the same time, when the balance of insulin is disturbed, the androgen hormone begins to rise. This leads to reading effects on the ovulation process and causes PCOS in women.
  • Poor lifestyle: This problem can also arise due to poor lifestyle. Excessive consumption of junk food does not provide enough nutritious ingredients to the body. Also, the consumption of drugs and cigarettes is also a reason for this disease.

Above you read the causes of PCOS, further we are giving the symptoms of PCOS.

Symptoms of PCOS

The most prominent symptom of PCOS involves changes in the menstrual cycle, besides other symptoms are:

  • The usual period of puberty when they stop. This is called secondary amenorrhea.
  • Irregular periods and discontinuation.
  • Other symptoms of PCOS include:
  • Hair growth in many parts of the body, such as the chest, abdomen, face and nipples.
  • Acne on face, chest or back.
  • Changes in the skin, such as black spots on the skin. Especially around the armpits, waist, neck and breasts.

After giving information about the cause and symptoms of PCOS, we are now presenting home remedies for PCOS.

Home Remedies for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a problem that is not entirely possible to overcome with the help of home remedies, but with the help of home remedies its symptoms can be reduced to some extent. Let us know in detail about these home remedies.

1. Vitamin D

Material:

  • Vitamin-D capsules

How to use:

  • It can be consumed directly.
  • It should be taken only on the advice of a doctor.
  • Vitamin-D rich foods like tuna, salmon, mackerel fish, cottage cheese, egg yolks and mushrooms can also be taken in place of capsules.

How it is beneficial:

A research paper published on the website of the National Center for Biotechnology Information states that the use of vitamin D can be helpful in relieving PCOS. According to this research, vitamin D can act to reduce abnormally increasing serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels. AMH is a type of hormone that can cause PCOS if it is increased. In addition, metformin therapy (therapy adopted for the treatment of diabetes) in women with PCOS, as well as vitamin-D and calcium supplements, helps regularize menstruation and correct the ovulation process. In such a situation, it can be said that the symptoms of PCOS can be overcome by taking vitamin-D.

2. Apple Vinegar

Materials:

  • Two teaspoons of apple vinegar
  • A glass of water

How to use:

  • First heat the water lightly.
  • Then add apple vinegar and mix well.
  • Then drink it.

How it is beneficial:

Consuming apple vinegar can help relieve PCOS. A research has been done on this subject. Under the research, seven patients were given 15 grams of apple vinegar daily for 90–110 days to find out the effects of vinegar on hormonal and ovulatory function in PCOS. This proved that the consumption of apple vinegar can help to some extent in the treatment of this problem. According to research, this is possible because the intake of vinegar improves insulin sensitivity in a patient affected by PCOS (9).

3. Coconut Oil

Material:

  • One teaspoon coconut oil

How to use:

  • Coconut oil can be consumed directly or mixed with smoothies and can be drunk.

How it is beneficial:

Using coconut oil may help in the treatment of PCOS. A scientific research conducted in this regard suggests that intake of a diet containing deconic acid can reduce the problem of PCOS by reducing the production of androgens. Deconic acid is a kind of non-toxic fatty acid, which consists of 10 carbon molecules. At the same time, deconic acid is found naturally in coconut oil. At the moment, more research needs to be done to find out how it works.

4. Evening Primrose Oil

Material:

  • Evening Primrose Oil Capsule

How to use:

  • This capsule can be consumed directly.
  • One capsule may be taken daily.

How it is beneficial:

According to a research published in NCBI, the use of evening primrose oil can help in the treatment of PCOS. In this research, some women were given vitamin-D and evening primrose oil for 12 weeks. This led to an improvement in triglyceride (a type of fat), very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL). At the same time oxidative stress also decreased, due to which the patient got some relief from the symptoms of PCOS.

5. Green Tea

Materials:

  • One teaspoon Green Tea Powder
  • A cup of water
  • A spoonful of honey

How to use:

  • First of all, add green tea powder in water and heat it for some time.
  • After heating for a few minutes, filter this tea and put it in a cup.
  • Then add honey from above and enjoy the taste of tea.
  • You can drink it two to three times a day.

How it is beneficial:

According to one study, the intake of green tea can reduce the amount of glucose in the body, which can relieve the symptoms of PCOS. It can also help reduce insulin. As mentioned in the article above, unbalanced amounts of insulin can cause PCOS. It can be said that the use of green tea in PCOS can be helpful. This information is given in a scientific research published in the NCBI website.

6. Royal Jelly

Material:

  • Two spoons Royal Jelly

How to use:

  • It is consumed in a normal way.
  • Some amount can be taken daily in the morning.

How it is beneficial:

Royal jelly is a type of honey. At the same time, PCOS is a hormone related problem, in which the treatment of Royal Jelly can be advised. Based on a scientific study, intake of 200 to 400 mg of Royal Jelly may increase serum estradiol (female hormone) levels. It works to regulate the menstrual cycle. Also, Royal Jelly may increase serum progesterone (a type of hormone related to women). An increase in progesterone can regularize the menstrual cycle, which may help in the treatment of PCOS. All this is due to the antioxidant and estrogenic effects found in Royal Jelly, which have an effect on the reproductive system.

7. Aloe Vera Juice

Material:

  • A glass of aloe vera juice

How to use:

  • Drink fresh aloe vera juice on an empty stomach in the morning.
  • It can be drunk every morning.

How is beneficial:

Aloe vera juice can be used in the treatment of PCOS. A scientific research suggests that aloe vera gel has the ability to protect against PCOS. According to this study, aloe vera gel may help normalize hyperglycemic (high blood sugar) status in women struggling with PCOS. This is because aloe vera gel has a hypoglycemic effect of lowering blood pressure. Also, aloe vera contains phytosterols (a type of plant sterol) and phyto-phenol. This information is available on the NCBI website.

8. Amla Juice

Materials:

  • One teaspoon Amla juice
  • A cup of water

How to use:

  • Mix amla juice in water thoroughly.
  • Then drink this mixture.
  • Can drink it once a day.

How it is beneficial:

PCOS patients are kept away from many foods and it is advisable to include many foods in their diet. Foods that are included in the diet can help reduce the symptoms of PCOS. In such a situation, the foods that can be included in the routine of PCOS patient include Amla juice. There is a need for further scientific research regarding the properties of which it is beneficial in PCOS.

9. Cumin Water

Materials:

  • ½ teaspoon cumin powder
  • A cup of water

How to use:

  • First heat the water lightly.
  • Then add cumin powder to it and let it lukewarm for some time.
  • When the water is lukewarm, take it out in a cup and drink it.
  • It can be drunk twice a day.

How it is beneficial:

Herbal remedies are used to deal with many problems. Similarly, cumin can be used in the treatment of PCOS. It can work to normalize the level of hormones in the body and can also help in losing weight. This can reduce the problem of irregular menstrual cycle. In addition, cumin also has hypoglycemic and anti-obese activity, which can act to normalize blood sugar and obesity. Keep in mind that people with low blood sugar do not consume it in excess, it has a hypoglycemic effect, which can reduce the amount of sugar in the blood excessively.

10. Seeds

  • Seeds of fennel

Material:

  • One teaspoon of fennel seeds
  • A spoonful of honey

How to use:

  • Mix both ingredients and consume this mixture.
  • It can be eaten daily in the morning.

How it is beneficial:

According to a research published by NCBI, infusion of fennel is used for hypoglycemic effect on type-2 diabetes patients. It has anti-diabetic activity. In addition, it can also have a positive effect on the reproductive system. Also, thymoquinone (a type of compound) is found in fennel, which can work to prevent PCOS-related symptoms as well as reduce and improve the ovulation process.

• Chia seeds

Materials:

  • ½ teaspoon chia seeds
  • A glass of milk

How to use:

  • Heat the milk lightly and add chia seeds to it.
  • Then take this mixture.

How it is beneficial:

The problem of PCOS can be kept away by the intake of chia seeds. Actually, it can work to keep hormones balanced. Also, its use can also reduce weight, which can help in maintaining the normal cycle. This may alleviate the problem of PCOS. More scientific research is needed in this regard, so that its effect on PCOS can be fully clarified.

• Fenugreek seeds

Materials:

  • Two spoons fenugreek seeds
  • Half a cup of water
  • A spoonful of honey

How to use:

  • Soak fenugreek seeds in water overnight.
  • Still eat soaked fenugreek seeds mixed with honey.
  • It can be consumed daily in the morning.

How it is beneficial:

A scientific research was done about fenugreek seeds, which was intended to know the effect of fenugreek on PCOS. In this research, 50 pre-menopausal women have been taken, who were 18 to 45 years of age. Of these, 42 women had PCOS. Results obtained from research have shown that extracts of fenugreek seeds can decrease ovarian volume. To some extent, doctors diagnose PCOS only by ovarian volume. In addition, it can also increase levels of luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone (hormone related to women). Also fenugreek seed extracts can be effective in reducing the symptoms of PCOS.

  • Mole

Materials:

  • A spoonful of sesame seeds
  • A glass of water
  • Small piece of jaggery

How to use:

  • First mix sesame seeds in water and boil for some time.
  • Then add jaggery to taste and take it out in a cup.
  • Now take this decoction.
  • You can drink one to two cups per day.

How it is beneficial:

Consumption of sesame seeds can keep PCOS away. Indeed, oligomenorrhea can be treated with the use of sesame seeds. Oligomenorrhea is a condition in which there is a decrease in menstrual flow. Therefore, the problem of oligomenorrhea often poses a risk of PCOS. In this case, the risk of PCOS can be avoided when treating oligomenorrhea.

  • Fennel

Materials:

  • Two teaspoons fennel
  • A glass of water

How to use:

  • Soak fennel in half glass of water overnight.
  • Then add half a glass of water in the morning.
  • After that heat it for about 5 minutes.
  • Then filter it and drink it.
  • It can be drunk on an empty stomach every morning.

How it is beneficial:

The use of fennel can improve PCOS problem to some extent. Indeed, fennel has renoprotective effects, which may help in the treatment of PCOS. Consuming fennel to reduce the problem of PCOS can improve this problem to some extent.

  • Pumpkin Seeds

Material:

  • 5 to 10 pumpkin seeds

How to use:

  • Peel the pumpkin seeds and consume it.
  • It can also be eaten by mixing it with some dry fruit.
  • Some pumpkin seeds can be taken daily.

How it is beneficial:

Essential fatty acids (EFA) are found in pumpkin seeds, which are essential for the body. EFA can help balance the hormonal process. It also balances blood sugar by regulating insulin and can regulate periods. This can keep away problems like PCOS.

11. Cinnamon

Materials:

  • One teaspoon cinnamon powder
  • A spoonful of honey

How to use:

  • First, mix the two ingredients well.
  • Then consume it.
  • It can be consumed once a day.

How it is beneficial:

According to a scientific research, the use of cinnamon can reduce the level of insulin in the body. At the same time, blood sugar levels in diabetic patients can also be reduced by consuming cinnamon daily for 40 days. Consuming cinnamon daily for 8 weeks reduces insulin resistance in women suffering from PCOS. It may also help maintain periods regularly in women suffering from PCOS (23).

12. Root of liquorice

Materials:

  • One teaspoon liquorice root powder
  • A cup of water

How to use:

  • First heat the water and add liquorice powder.
  • Allow the water to heat up for a while.
  • Then filter it and put it in a cup.
  • Drink it fresh.
  • Can drink it twice a day.

How it is beneficial:

The problem of PCOS can also be reduced by the use of liquorice. A medical research published in this regard suggests that liquorice extracts regulate unbalanced hormonal levels and irregular ovarian follicles, which can relieve symptoms of PCOS.

A clinical research has reported that the use of chestberry may decrease prolactin (a type of hormone). High prolactin levels affect menstruation and fertility. In addition, Chestberry can also improve menstrual irregularity and infertility. This can prevent the PCOS problem from flourishing.

Keep reading the article for more information.

Let us now know how to treat PCOS.

 Treatment of PCOS

Complete treatment of PCOS is not possible. Only through medicines, its symptoms can be reduced to some extent. To relieve its symptoms, the doctor may prescribe the following medicines:

Hormonal birth control (who does not want to get pregnant):

  • It can regularize menstruation.
  • May be helpful in reducing the risk of endometrial cancer.
  • Can improve pimples and help reduce excess hair on the face and other parts of the body.

Anti-androgen medicine: This medicine reduces the effects of androgens, which can reduce the problem of head hair loss and decrease the growth of facial and body hair. Also it can help in reducing pimples. Currently, the Food and Drug Administration does not allow the drug, as these medications can cause problems during pregnancy.

Metformin: This drug is used to treat type 2 diabetes and relieve symptoms of PCOS in some women. This medicine can reduce blood sugar by improving insulin. It can also reduce the levels of both insulin and androgens, which can solve the problem of PCOS.

Read below for more information

In the next part of this article, we are giving tips on how to avoid PCOS.

Prevention Tips for PCOS

PCOS problems can also be genetic. In such a situation, it is not easy to avoid this problem, but keeping these precautions in mind can prevent this problem from growing.

  • By doing yoga exercises regularly, both body and mind can be kept healthy, which can avoid many problems.
  • Do regular medical checkups, so that any problem can be detected and treated in time. This can help prevent the problem of PCOS from occurring.
  • Sometimes problems arise due to excess weight gain or loss. In such a situation, by controlling the weight, those problems can be prevented.
  • If someone’s periods are not coming on a regular basis for a long time, then they should consult a doctor about this.
  • If someone has more stress problems, it can also cause PCOS. In such a situation, many problems can be avoided by remaining stress free.

It is well understood that what kind of problem PCOS is. If any of the symptoms mentioned above are visible in a woman, then she should consult a doctor about it once. Ignoring its symptoms can cause serious illness. You can share this article with your family and other women, so that they too can become aware of this disease. We hope that the information given in this article will prove useful to you.

Frequently Asked Questions

Impact of prolonged untreated PCOS?

Untreated PCOS for a long time may present an endometrial cancer risk.

What should I eat if I have PCOS?

If you have PCOS, you can include these in the diet:

  • Grains with low glycemic index
  • Low calorie food
  • Whole grains
  • Legumes

What is PCOS pregnancy and how does PCOS affect pregnancy?

PCOS causes many changes in the body of women. For this reason, there is a problem in conceiving, but with the help of some treatment, it can be conceived. Despite this, PCOS can cause many problems in pregnancy, including miscarriage, gestational diabetes and high blood pressure in pregnancy (pre-eclampsia). Even this can lead to the possibility of C-section i.e. Cesarean delivery.

Is polycystic ovary syndrome dangerous?

Although PCOS is not dangerous under normal conditions, it can take serious forms if not treated for a long time.

How do you know if you have PCOS?

It can be easy to know the problem of PCOS. For this you need to know its symptoms. We have mentioned its symptoms in the article above, which can help in gauging PCOS.

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