Covaxin Explainer: No side effects, no maintenance problems, know everything about India’s indigenous corona vaccine

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This vaccine can be stored at temperatures from 2 degrees to 8 degrees. The first trial of this vaccine took place during July-August, in which it was tested on 375 candidates. The candidates involved were aged 18–55 years.

The year 2020 is on the verge of ending and the world is moving towards the beginning of a new decade in 2021. In the year 2020, when the world saw the rise, peak and devastation of the corona virus, then to gather it, they made a lot of arrangements, prepared and set up the infrastructure.

But in 2021, people will have their eyes on the vaccine only. Although vaccination has started in many countries this year too, but there is a possibility of getting the work done to reach the entire population only by next year. Indigenous companies of India are also included in many vaccine-making companies and institutes, one of which is indigenous company Bharat Biotech’s Covicine. Learn about this indigenous vaccine from A to Z.

India is developing Biotech Covaxin (BBV152) in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). Covaxin is capable of producing immunity against Covid-19 and no side effects have been found during the first two studies. This has been claimed in the research paper published by the Hyderabad-based company. However, it has not been reviewed yet.

Learn about trial and storage

This vaccine can be stored at temperatures from 2 degrees to 8 degrees. That is, there will be no problem with maintenance. The first trial of this vaccine took place during July-August, in which it was tested on 375 candidates. The candidates involved were aged 18–55 years. The test was conducted in 11 centers and 9 states of the country. At the same time, there were 380 candidates in the second trial, whose age ranged between 12 years and 65 years. The trial was conducted in 9 states at 9 centers.

The trial report said that after applying the vaccine, it develops antibodies in the human body for 6-12 months. One thing that makes these facts more interesting is that the covicine is the first Covid-19 vaccine, which has been tested on children up to 12 years. This test was done in September. Bharat Biotech is examining the vaccine potential during Phase 3 study at 25 centers on about 26000 candidates.

How does it work?

Humoral immune responses are caused by antibodies, while cell-mediated responses are caused by T-cells, which are key components of the adaptive immune system whose function is to kill infected cells, activate other immune cells, produce cytokines, and immunity Regulating the reaction is involved. After antibodies, it is the second level immune system of the body, whose job is to connect with the immune system and protect it from infected cells.

What came out in the first two studies?

According to Bharat Biotech, the results of tests conducted on the candidates found that both humoral and cell-mediated responses were observed and there were no adverse effects. Apart from this, no serious or fatal danger was also seen.

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